Yona Nadelman

Yona Nadelman, born Yona Kunstler, was five years old when Nazi Germany invaded her native city, Krakow, Poland. Soon after the invasion, her family fled eastward to Lutsk, in the Soviet sector. While her parents continued towards Siberia, Yona was left in the care of her grandparents, who later secured her false identity papers. Yona’s uncle, a major seed merchant and distributor, had connections and arranged for Yona and two of her siblings to be hidden on the farm of a retired professor and his family in Klecsa Dolna.

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Gabriella Karin

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Before the Nazis invaded Czechoslovakia, Gabriella Karin had a normal life, living with her parents and her grandmother. Her parents owned a local delicatessen store in Bratislava. In 1938, after hearing about the violence of Kristallnacht, Gabriella’s mother wanted to emigrate, but the family did not have the financial means to do so.  Shortly after the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1939, Slovakia was granted independence under a Nazi approved government. During this time, Gabriella’s mother began working for the underground.

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Henry Slucki

Henry Slucki

Henry Slucki was born in Paris, France on July 12, 1934. While his parents came from religious homes in Warsaw, Poland, they made new lives for themselves in France where they were active in secular Yiddish activities. After the Nazis came to power in Germany and war seemed imminent, Henry and his family lived in constant fear. Frequent air raids, which required everyone to find shelter and wear gas masks, left everyone in a state of terror. Henry watched the city prepare for war as sandbags were piled around the city, windows were covered with tape to prevent shattered glass from causing injury, and food was rationed and sparse. Henry and his fellow Parisians stood on sidewalks as the German army marched into Paris and by the next day swastikas were all around the city.

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